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Richard III | National Theatre of China

要一匹马! 要一匹马!愿以王位许之!

'A horse! A horse! My kingdom for a horse!'

Beijing is 5064.26 miles from London.

In Chinese linguistics, Mandarin refers to a group of related Chinese dialects spoken across most of northern and south western China. Because most Mandarin dialects are found in the north, the group is also referred to as the northern dialect(s).

A north eastern-dialect speaker and a south western-dialect speaker can hardly communicate except through the standard language, mainly because of the differences in tone.

When the Mandarin group is taken as one language, as is often done in academic literature, it has more native speakers (nearly a billion) than does any other language. For most of Chinese history, the capital has been within the Mandarin area, making these dialects very influential. Mandarin dialects, particularly the Beijing dialect, form the basis of Standard Chinese, which is also known as "Mandarin".

Modern Beijing began to take shape during the Shang Dynasty (1766-1100 B.C.)